The Pegasus attack refers to the recent controversy surrounding the use of Pegasus spyware, a powerful tool developed by the Israeli cybersecurity firm, NSO Group. The spyware is capable of infecting a target's mobile phone and gaining access to all its data, including text messages, emails, photos, and even encrypted messages.
It was revealed in July 2021 that Pegasus had been used to target journalists, human rights activists, politicians, and other public figures in multiple countries. The revelation came as a result of an investigation by a consortium of news organizations, including The Guardian, Le Monde, and The Washington Post. The investigation found evidence of the spyware being used in over 50 countries, including India, Mexico, Morocco, and the United Arab Emirates. Many of the targets were journalists, lawyers, and activists who were critical of their governments. The use of the spyware has raised concerns about the abuse of surveillance technology and the violation of individuals' privacy and human rights.
पेगासस हमला उन विवादों को संदर्भित करता है जो इजरायली साइबर सुरक्षा फर्म NSO ग्रुप द्वारा विकसित शक्तिशाली उपकरण, पेगासस स्पाईवेयर के उपयोग के बारे में हुए हैं। स्पाईवेयर लक्ष्य के मोबाइल फोन को संक्रमित करने की क्षमता रखता है और उसके सभी डेटा, संदेश, ईमेल, फोटो और टेक्स्ट संदेशों को तक पहुंच प्रदान करता है।
2021 के जुलाई में पता चला कि पेगासस का उपयोग कई देशों में पत्रकारों, मानव अधिकार वकीलों, राजनीतिज्ञों और अन्य सार्वजनिक व्यक्तियों के खिलाफ हुआ है। पत्रकारों, वकीलों और अन्य एक्टिविस्टों के लक्ष्य का होना, जो अपनी सरकारों के खिलाफ थे, इस स्पाईवेयर का उपयोग करने से संबंधित खतरों को उठाता है।
NSO ग्रुप ने किसी भी अनैतिक कार्य का इनकार किया है और दावा किया है कि उसका सॉफ्टवेयर केवल अपराध और आतंकवाद के खिलाफ लड़ाई के लिए सरकारी एजेंसियों और कानून प्रवर्तन निकायों को बेचा जाता है।
NSO Group has denied any wrongdoing and claims that its software is only sold to government agencies and law enforcement bodies for the purpose of fighting crime and terrorism. However, the Pegasus attack has led to calls for tighter regulation of the surveillance industry and the use of spyware. The Pegasus spyware is a highly advanced surveillance tool that can infect a target's mobile phone without their knowledge or consent, and then monitor all their activities. It is capable of accessing a wide range of data stored on the phone, including text messages, emails, call logs, contact lists, photos, and videos. It can also track the target's location and record their conversations. The Pegasus attack has raised serious concerns about the abuse of surveillance technology and the violation of privacy and human rights. The use of spyware like Pegasus can have a chilling effect on free speech, press freedom, and political dissent. It can also undermine the rule of law and the integrity of democratic institutions.
In response to the revelations of the Pegasus attack, many countries have called for tighter regulation of the surveillance industry and increased scrutiny of companies like NSO Group. Some have even called for a global moratorium on the use of spyware until the regulatory framework is in place to prevent its abuse. The Pegasus attack has also led to renewed calls for stronger encryption and digital security measures to protect individuals and their data. The development of advanced surveillance tools like Pegasus highlights the need for individuals and organizations to take proactive measures to protect their digital privacy and security.